What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B, or HBV is a virus known to cause acute or chronic inflammation of the Liver that is spread through infected blood, and other bodily fluids such as saliva, sperm, and vaginal fluids. HBV can be transmitted through unprotected sex, and intravenous drug use.
Infection of HBV can differ from person to person, with most adults not experiencing any symptoms at all, as your immune system can effectively tackle the virus. If symptoms do present, they tend to appear around 1-3 months following infection and last a similar length of time.
What are the symptoms?
You may experience a combination of fatigue, fever, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting and a darkening of your urine, which can progress into Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin).
However, in some cases infection of the liver can persist past this length of time, and if longer than 6 month the infection is determined as a chronic Hepatitis B infection. This is a much more serious condition which can lead to long term liver scarring known as Cirrhosis and can even lead to cancer of the liver.
Best prevention against Hepatitis B is vaccination, alongside safe sex practices.
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